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  • ISO27001 Information security
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Is ChatGPT Secure? A Deep Dive into Security and IP Issues

10 Jun 2024

In an era where artificial intelligence (AI) integrates seamlessly into our daily lives, the question of “Is ChatGPT secure?” becomes increasingly relevant. Open-source AI technologies like ChatGPT are at the forefront of revolutionising how we interact with digital content, from writing technical manuals to creating technical designs. However, this innovation brings forward significant concerns regarding chatgpt data privacy, the potential for loss of intellectual property (IP), and the overarching question of chatgpt intellectual property safeguards. As these technologies become more embedded in our professional and personal spaces, understanding and addressing these risks is crucial to prevent catastrophic impacts on organisations’ copyright and IP.

This article delves into the security concerns associated with using ChatGPT, including detailed examination of chatgpt copyright issues and chatgpt IP considerations. It outlines the best practices for safeguarding intellectual property and personal data when interacting with AI technologies, emphasising the role of robust security controls and international standards like ISO27001:2022. By exploring chatgpt intellectual property safeguards and highlighting the potential dangers of AI-assisted content creation, the article provides a comprehensive roadmap for organisations and individuals to navigate the complex landscape of AI security and IP protection effectively.

Understanding ChatGPT and Its Impact

What is ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence language model developed by OpenAI, designed to engage in natural language conversations by understanding and generating human-like responses to various prompts. It operates on a vast database, enabling it to handle conversations ranging from casual chats to complex technical discussions. This model can be customised for specific applications, enhancing its utility in diverse fields such as business automation, educational tools, product manuals and technical specifications.

How ChatGPT Is Used Across Different Sectors

In the realm of education, ChatGPT assists in automating tasks such as grading and lesson planning, adapting to individual learning styles for a more personalised experience. Legal professionals leverage it for drafting and reviewing contracts, ensuring accuracy and legal compliance. In software development, it aids in code generation, bug fixing, and optimising code structure, significantly speeding up the development process and reducing manual effort. Moreover, its applications extend to sectors like healthcare and media, where it streamlines operations and content creation.

Potential Misuses of ChatGPT

Despite its benefits, ChatGPT poses risks such as the potential for generating biased or misleading information, which can be attributed to biases in the training data. It also raises concerns about privacy, as it could inadvertently disclose personal information during interactions. Misuses in educational settings include facilitating cheating and plagiarism, while in the broader digital environment, it could be used for creating convincing phishing attacks or spreading misinformation. These issues highlight the need for careful management and ethical guidelines when deploying AI technologies like ChatGpt.

Security Concerns with ChatGPT

Data Security and Personal Information

ChatGPT, while revolutionising interaction with AI technology, poses real risks of inadvertent disclosure of private information. Information input into ChatGPT can inadvertently become publicly accessible, stored on OpenAI servers to enhance machine learning models, which raises significant data privacy concerns. This exposure is exemplified by incidents like the inadvertent sharing of proprietary data by Samsung employees, highlighting the potential for sensitive information to be accessed by unauthorised third parties.

Cybercrime and Misleading Content

The ease of generating convincing phishing emails and other forms of cybercrime using ChatGPT is alarming. With minimal effort, cybercriminals can craft messages that are nearly indistinguishable from legitimate communications, increasing the risk of data breaches and financial fraud. Furthermore, ChatGPT’s ability to produce biased or misleading content can perpetuate harmful stereotypes and misinformation, posing additional security and ethical challenges.

Mitigation Strategies for Security Risks

To combat these vulnerabilities, it is crucial to implement stringent security measures. Organisations should consider adopting standards like ISO27001:2022 to manage technical controls and enhance data protection strategies effectively. Regular information security risk assessments are vital to identify and mitigate potential threats. Additionally, educating employees on recognising and handling phishing attempts and other cyber threats is essential for safeguarding sensitive data.

Intellectual Property Issues Related to ChatGPT

Copyright and Plagiarism Concerns

ChatGPT, while a groundbreaking tool, has ignited debates over intellectual property, with concerns about copyright and plagiarism at the forefront. As it processes vast data from the internet, ChatGPT does not create new information but rather synthesizes existing content, leading to potential legal challenges regarding authorship and copyright violations. Legal experts are divided: some argue that ChatGPT’s output, being derivative, cannot be copyrighted, while others suggest its transformative processes might qualify as original creation.

Ownership of AI-Generated Content

Ownership of content generated by ChatGPT is a complex issue. The software, which operates by recombining text from its training data, raises questions about who holds the copyright—whether it’s the user, the platform, or neither. Since the AI’s outputs are often indistinguishable from human-generated content, determining the rightful owner becomes problematic, especially when the output includes elements from copyrighted texts.

Legal Precedents and Ongoing Debates

The legal landscape is still adapting to technologies like ChatGPT. Current copyright laws, such as those in the US, require human authorship for copyright protection, which does not apply to AI. However, incidents like the “monkey selfie” case highlight the complexities of such legal frameworks in contemporary scenarios. Moreover, there is no consensus in the courts regarding AI’s role in creation, which continues to fuel ongoing debates and discussions about intellectual property in the age of AI.

Best Practices for Using ChatGPT Responsibly

Ensuring Compliance with Data Protection Laws

Organizations integrating ChatGPT into their operations must prioritise compliance with data protection laws like GDPR. This involves establishing a lawful basis for processing personal data and ensuring that no personal data is processed when using ChatGPT versions 3.5 and 4. It’s essential to deactivate data processing for training purposes to minimise risks. Companies should also implement effective age verification measures and ensure transparency by informing users about data usage.

Properly Citing AI-Generated Content

When using AI-generated content, it is crucial to attribute the original source of information to maintain credibility and accuracy. This practice not only enhances the integrity of the content but also helps in preventing the spread of misinformation. Additionally, users should exercise extreme caution when disclosing confidential information as it could compromise the novelty and lead to potential IP issues.

Strategies for Safeguarding Intellectual Property

To protect intellectual property, organisations should educate employees on the risks associated with AI tools like ChatGPT and implement non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) when working with third-party vendors. Monitoring ChatGPT usage and content generation is vital to prevent IP misuse or infringement. Additionally, limiting access to proprietary information through digital rights management (DRM) tools and opting out of model training are effective strategies to safeguard IP.


Through this article, we’ve traversed the intricate dynamics between the burgeoning capabilities of open-source AI technologies like ChatGPT and the imperative to safeguard intellectual property (IP) amidst this digital renaissance.

The double-edged sword of AI innovation offers organisations unparalleled tools for creativity and efficiency but equally poses a formidable risk to the sanctity of intellectual and proprietary assets. It’s clear that the integration of AI into business practices necessitates a vigilant approach to security—underscored by rigorous standards such as ISO27001:2022—to mitigate the escalating threats of IP usurpation by nefarious actors and competing states keen on exploiting technological vulnerabilities.

As we look ahead, and asses the risk from bad actors,  cyber espionage and IP theft the path is unequivocal: the harmonisation of AI’s potential with the bedrock of stringent security measures is non-negotiable. Leadership teams, risk managers, and IT security professionals are called upon to transcend traditional silos, championing a governance model that encapsulates a holistic risk assessment ethos—ensuring the resilience of their enterprises against the insidious advances of cyber adversaries.

The urgency to embrace and institutionalise frameworks like ISO27001:2022 and Cyber Essentials Plus cannot be overstated, forming the backbone of a proactive defence strategy against the inevitability of digital incursions. In this context, the necessity to critically evaluate your organization’s current security stance and readiness becomes imperative. Therefore, securing your enterprise’s future in this AI-driven epoch mandates a deliberate and informed action: book your ISO27001:2022 gap analysis today, a decisive step towards safeguarding your invaluable intellectual assets and fortifying your digital domain against the looming shadow of cyber threats.


  1. Can ChatGPT potentially infringe on intellectual property rights?
    Yes, there is a risk that ChatGPT might generate content that infringes on the intellectual property (IP) rights of others. Ensuring that the content produced by ChatGPT is original and does not violate any third-party IP rights can be challenging.
  2. How secure is ChatGPT?
    ChatGPT incorporates several security measures to safeguard user data. However, vulnerabilities such as inadequate encryption or security flaws could lead to data exposure. Despite these measures, the primary concern is not typically related to these types of security risks.
  3. Are the inputs I provide to ChatGPT secure?
    Yes, the inputs you provide are secured through stringent measures. OpenAI restricts access to its models and data to a limited number of personnel within the organization to avoid data breaches or misuse. Additionally, all communications and data storage involving ChatGPT and other OpenAI models are encrypted to prevent unauthorised access or interception.
  4. Is my personal data safe when using ChatGPT?
    Using the official ChatGPT app or website does not expose your system to hacking or viruses. While ChatGPT itself is secure, the privacy and confidentiality of your conversations may not be guaranteed. There are other potential risks concerning privacy and confidentiality when using ChatGPT.


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